Structural Characteristics

Modern ion-exchange materials are prepared from synthetic polymers such as styrene-divinyl-benzene copoly-mers that have been sulfonated to form strongly acidic cation exchangers or aminated to form strongly basic anion exchangers. Weakly basic anion exchangers are similar to the strong base except for the choice of amines.

Weakly acidic cation exchangers are usually prepared from cross-linked acrylic copolymers.

Figure 7.36.2 shows the reactions involved in the preparation of anion exchange resins. Figure 7.36.3 shows the reactions for cation exchange resins. Figure 7.36.4 shows the structure of a typical chelation resin.

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

The solar Stirling engine is progressively becoming a viable alternative to solar panels for its higher efficiency. Stirling engines might be the best way to harvest the power provided by the sun. This is an easy-to-understand explanation of how Stirling engines work, the different types, and why they are more efficient than steam engines.

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