Step 1perform Initial Assessments

The initial screening of the project is performed to:

• See if any environmental issues exist

• Perform an environmental site assessment evaluation

• Define and evaluate environmental baseline information

The initial screening answers the following questions:

Does the project involve the use of chemical ingredients? Does the project involve equipment containing fuels, lubricants, or greases? Does the potential exist for reducing or eliminating waste, internally recycling materials, or reusing by-products? Do potential problems exist with the existing site conditions, such as the presence of contaminated soil or groundwater?

Does the project have the potential to contaminate or impair groundwater or soil? Does the project involve the storage or transport of secondary waste?

If the responses to all of these questions are negative, then the responses are documented, and no further review is required. However, if the answer to any of these questions is yes, then environmental leadership responsibility for the project is assigned (Step 2), and the remaining steps are followed.

Many projects suffer delays and unforecasted expense due to site contamination. Therefore, the site should be checked for potential contamination as soon as possible. The site assessment should do the following:

Determine whether site remediation is needed before construction

Define the proper health and safety plans for construction activities

Determine the appropriate disposal options for any excavated soil

Identify the regulatory requirements that apply

Environmental site assessments include a review of the files about past site operations, an examination of aerial photographs, tests for potential soil and groundwater contamination, and the identification of the environmental constraints that can delay or prevent construction. The time and expense for the assessment should be incorporated into the project time-line and cost estimates. Environmental baseline information usually includes:

Background air quality prior to project start up Current emissions at existing sites and potential impact of these emissions on a new project Monitoring equipment needed to verify environmental compliance after start up

Impact of the construction and operation of a new facility on existing waste treatment facilities and current air, land, and water permits Determination of whether an environmental impact analysis (EIA) should be performed. EIAs are common at greenfield sites, especially in Europe, and are generally performed by outside consultants.

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