Ecological Impact

Biodiversity is also impacted by climate change, with diversity defined as the variety of species in ecosystems and the variability within each species. Examples of impact include an increased extinction of many species; growth or losses in freshwater fish populations depending on geographic location; and mixed effects on migratory birds, with some arctic-nesting herbivores benefiting and continental nesters and shorebirds suffering (Smith and Tirpak 1988).

Sea-level rises can cause increased losses of coastal wetlands, inundation of coastal lowlands, increased erosion of beaches, and increased salinity in estuaries. Coastal wetlands currently total 13,145 sq mi; with a 1-m rise in sea level, 26 to 66% of these wetlands can be lost, with the majority occurring in states bordering the Gulf of Mexico (Smith and Tirpak 1988).

Project Earth Conservation

Project Earth Conservation

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Helping Save The Earth. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To How To Recycle to Create a Better Future for Our Children.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment