Degree of Stabilization

The concentration of droplets of the disperse phase toward the top or bottom of the emulsion results in a difference in density between the liquid phases. This phenomenon is known as creaming. Creaming does not necessarily represent a breaking of the emulsion, but with large droplet sizes, it can eventually lead to emulsion breaking.

Another type of emulsion instability results from floc-culation or clumping of individual droplets to form larger aggregates. In this case, the emulsion has inverted due to a sudden change from o/w to w/o and vice versa. The pro gressive coarsening of the dispersion leads to a complete separation or breaking of the emulsion. Emulsion breaking is an irreversible process, often preceded by creaming or inversion.

DIY Battery Repair

DIY Battery Repair

You can now recondition your old batteries at home and bring them back to 100 percent of their working condition. This guide will enable you to revive All NiCd batteries regardless of brand and battery volt. It will give you the required information on how to re-energize and revive your NiCd batteries through the RVD process, charging method and charging guidelines.

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