Animal to Human Extrapolation

In extrapolating from animal data to potential human toxicity, a number of conversion factors are used to account for the differences between humans and animals. Factors must consider individual differences within a species; account for different sensitivities (Table 11.8.2); and note the variations between the two species, such as differences in weight, surface area, metabolism, and absorption.

Extrapolation from animal species to humans has elements of both science and art. It serves as a best estimate, neither invalid nor absolute truth. Although each step of assessment is laden with controversy, animal testing is the generally accepted approach for predicting human toxic-


DIY Battery Repair

DIY Battery Repair

You can now recondition your old batteries at home and bring them back to 100 percent of their working condition. This guide will enable you to revive All NiCd batteries regardless of brand and battery volt. It will give you the required information on how to re-energize and revive your NiCd batteries through the RVD process, charging method and charging guidelines.

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