7Wastewater Treatment

Sources and Characteristics

7.1 Nature of Wastewater

7.2 Sources and Effects of Contaminants

7.3 Characterization of Industrial Wastewater

7.4 Wastewater Minimization

7.5 Developing a Treatment Strategy

Monitoring and Analysis

7.6 Flow and Level Monitoring

7.7 pH, Oxidation-Reduction Probes and Ion-Selective Sensors

7.8 Oxygen Analyzers

7.9 Sludge, Colloidal Suspension, and Oil Monitors

Sewers and Pumping Stations

7.10 Industrial Sewer Design

7.11 Manholes, Catch Basins, and Drain Hubs

7.12 Pumps and Pumping Stations

Equalization and Primary Treatment

7.13 Equalization Basins

7.14 Screens and Comminutors

7.15 Grit Removal

7.16 Grease Removal and Skimming

7.17 Sedimentation

7.18 Flotation and Foaming

7.19 Sludge Pumping and Transportation

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

The solar Stirling engine is progressively becoming a viable alternative to solar panels for its higher efficiency. Stirling engines might be the best way to harvest the power provided by the sun. This is an easy-to-understand explanation of how Stirling engines work, the different types, and why they are more efficient than steam engines.

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