12 Steelquality Designations

Steel plates, shapes, sheetpiling, and bars for structural uses—such as the load-carrying members in buildings, bridges, ships, and other structures—are usually ordered to the requirements of ASTM A6 and are referred to as structural-quality steels. (A6 does not indicate a specific steel.) This specification contains general requirements for delivery related to chemical analysis, permissible variations in dimensions and weight, permissible imperfections, conditioning, marking and tension and bend tests of a large group of structural steels. (Specific requirements for the chemical composition and tensile properties of these

TABLE 1.2 Charpy V-Notch Toughness for A709 Bridge Steels*
Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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