Pi2

iB a in

Force P

Bearing connection (tight)

Slip-critical connection (friction) Bearing connection (loose)

Bearing connection (tight)

Slip-critical connection (friction) Bearing connection (loose)

Displacement

FIGURE 25.27 Slip-critical and bearing-type connections: (a) slip-critical connection; (b) bearing-type connection; and (c) behavior of bolt connections (Nagai 1994).

Column

0 0

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