10 p

"2 + -4

■ 4y

30p-2 + 12y +3

Copyright 2005 by CRC Press

If the element is subjected to a uniform load in the z direction of intensity q, the consistent load vector becomes rb/2 [■ c/2

where {Q*} are 12 forces corresponding to the nodal-displacement parameters. Evaluating the integrals in this equation gives

More details on the finite element method can be found in Desai and Abel (1972) and Ghali and Neville (1978).

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