G

3. Calculate z factors from Equation 31.89

Since the bottom of columns AB and FG is pin-based, m — 0,

4. Calculate the K-factors for columns AB and FG using Equation 31.8

6:55

5. Calculate the K-factors for columns BC and EF using Equation 31.123

KEF KFG

8:85

53 30,000

18:2

396 193 5,420

0 0

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