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Stiffeners fitted to bear

FIGURE 4.17 Bolted shear connections: (a) bolted frame beam connection; (b) bolted seated beam connection; and (c) bolted stiffened seated beam connection.

shop-bolted to the beam web and then field-bolted to the column flange. The seated beam connection shown in Figure 4.17b consists of two flange angles often shop-bolted to the beam flange and field-bolted to the column flange. To enhance the strength and stiffness of the seated beam connection, a stiffened seated beam connection shown in Figure 4.17c is sometimes used to resist large shear force. Shear connections must be designed to sustain appreciable deformation and yielding of the connections is expected. The need for ductility often limits the thickness of the angles that can be used. Most of these connections are designed with angle thickness not exceeding 5 in. (16 mm).

The design of the connections shown in Figure 4.17 is facilitated by the use of design tables contained in the AISC-ASD and AISC-LRFD Manuals. These tables give design loads for the connections with specific dimensions based on the limit states of bolt shear, bearing strength of the connection, bolt bearing with different edge distances, and block shear (for coped beams).

### 4.11.1.12 Bolted Moment-Resisting Connections

Moment-resisting connections are connections designed to resist both moment and shear. They are used in Type 1 construction in ASD, and Type FR construction in LRFD. These connections are often referred to as rigid or fully restrained connections as they provide full continuity between the connected members and are designed to carry the full factored moments. Figure 4.18 shows some examples of moment-resisting connections. Additional examples can be found in the AISC-ASD and AISC-LRFD Manuals and Chapter 4 of the AISC Manual on Connections (AISC 1992).

### 4.11.1.13 Design of Moment-Resisting Connections

An assumption used quite often in the design of moment connections is that the moment is carried solely by the flanges of the beam. The moment is converted to a couple Ff given by Ff = M/(d — tf) acting on the beam flanges as shown in Figure 4.19.

The design of the connection for moment is considered satisfactory if the capacities of the bolts and connecting plates or structural elements are adequate to carry the flange force Ff. Depending on the geometry of the bolted connection, this may involve checking: (a) the shear and tensile capacities of the bolts; (b) the yield and fracture strength of the moment plate; (c) the bearing strength of the connected parts; and (d) bolt spacing and edge distance as discussed in the foregoing sections.

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