139

0 50 100 kNm/m

FIGURE 27.26 Meridional bending moments m22T under service temperature.

FIGURE 27.27 Buckling pattern of tower shell with upper ring beam, load combination D + W + S.

Middle surface

Reinforcement layers 0'

Middle surface

Reinforcement layers 0'

Reinforcement layers 01

FIGURE 27.28 Layered model for reinforced concrete shell.

FIGURE 27.28 Layered model for reinforced concrete shell.

Nonlinear stress-strain relationship in compression

Tension cracking

Yielding of reinforcement

Nonlinear concrete-steel bond

Reinforcement layers 01

Concrete layers 01

c
0 0

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