8 Working Fluids In Stirling

ENGINES 160

Introduction 160

Gaseous working lluids 161

Theoretical comparisons 161

Experimental comparisons 166

Thermophysical properties 168

Steady-flow analysis 170

Safety 172

Antonio/iue engines 172

Porosity 173

Hydrogen emhrittlement 173

General Motors Corporation's research 173

Ford Motor Company's research 174

Compound working fluids 175

introduction 175

isothermal analysis with compound working fluid 176

Principal assumptions 177

Summary of analysis 178

Principal design parameters 181

Effect of compound working fluid, work diagrams 182

Effect of mass ratio 183

Distribution and mass flow rate 185

Optimum design 188

Fluid combinations 188

Refrigeration applications 190

Potential applications for compound working fluids 190

Experimental work with compound working fluids 192

Chcmically rcactive working fluids 194

Introduction 194

Nitrogen tetroxide 195

Single-component multi-phase systems 198 Liquid working fluids

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

The solar Stirling engine is progressively becoming a viable alternative to solar panels for its higher efficiency. Stirling engines might be the best way to harvest the power provided by the sun. This is an easy-to-understand explanation of how Stirling engines work, the different types, and why they are more efficient than steam engines.

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