Fig. 22.1: Growth of interest in Stirling engines (alter Martini 1978a).

5. MAN/MWM. A recent paper reviewing development of Stirling engines in West Germany was given by Zacliarias (1974).

6. General Motors engines. Percival (1974) has provided a historical survey of the General Motors program from I960 to 1970. It contains a wealth of data and information and is one of the most important survey documents in the open literature.

7. Ford/Philips engines. Progress reports in this program are presented semi-annually at the U.S. Department of Energy Automotive Highway Contractors Coordination Meetings. Kitzner (1977a) has given a comprehensive account of recent automotive Stirling engine activity.

8. Artificial hearts. Annual reports are filed to the U.S. National Institute of Health by McDonnel Douglas. Aerojet-General and Thermo-Electron. Quarterly progress reports are filed to the U.S. Department of Energy by Westinghouse. Papers are contributed annually by most of the above contractors to the lntersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference.

9. Design manual. Martini (1978a) assembled much material about Stirling engines with particular reference to different computational methods for design. This document is highly recommended. It contains an extensive bibliography arranged chronologically, by subject, and by author.

10. Contemporary developments. The annual Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference appears to have become the principal vehicle for publications on Stirling engines. One or two sessions each year are now devoted to Stirling engines. Other relevant papers may be found in the sessions on biomedical applications, heal pumps, energy conservation, and on-site power generation.

11. Automotive engines. The U.S. Department of Energy Stirling engine automotive development program is managed by the Stirling Engine Project Office, NASA/Lewis Research Centre. Various documents are circulated by the Office from time to time.

12. Newsletter. Martini (1977a) publishes an occasional newsletter of the Stirling Engine Research Institute. It contains interesting and informative news, and developments in the field that Martini lias been advised about.

13. Cooling engines. Developments of Stirling and other types of regenerative cryogenic cooling engines are regularly reported at the International Cryogenic Conferences, at the U.S. Cryogenic International Cryogenic Conferences, and at the U.S. Cryogenic Engineering Conferences (presently biannual). Such material is also published as Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Plenum Press, New York (now up to about 25 volumes). The most complete repository of information about cryogenics is undoubtedly the Cryogenic Information Center. National Bureau of Standards. U.S. Department of Commerce. Boulder. Co., U.S.A., (Director. Dr. N. Olcan).

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

Solar Stirling Engine Basics Explained

The solar Stirling engine is progressively becoming a viable alternative to solar panels for its higher efficiency. Stirling engines might be the best way to harvest the power provided by the sun. This is an easy-to-understand explanation of how Stirling engines work, the different types, and why they are more efficient than steam engines.

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