Al-Dahhan, M.H. and Dudukovic, M.P. (1995), Catalyst wetting efficiency in trickle bed reactors at high pressures, Chem. Eng. Sci., 50, 2377-2389.

Bey, O. and Eigenberger, G. (1997), Fluid flow through catalyst filled tubes, Chem. Eng. Sci., 52, 13651376.

Borkink, J.G.H., van de Watering, C.G. and Westerterp, K.R. (1992), The statistical character of bed-scale effective heat transport coefficients for packed beds, Trans. IChemE, 70(A), 610-619.

Carman, P.C. (1937), Fluid flow through granular beds, Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng., 15, 150-166.

Casey, M., Lang, E., Reiner, M., Schlegel, R. and Wehrli, M. (1998), Application of computational fluid dynamics for process engineering at Sulzer, Speedup, 12, 43-51.

Chang, H.-C. and Calo, J.M. (1981), An analysis of radial flow packed bed reactors: how are they different?, in "Chemical Reactors", Ed. H.S. Foggler, ACS Symposium series 168, ACS, Washington DC.

Cybulski, A., Stankiewicz, A., Edvinsson Albers, R.K. and Moulijn, J.A. (1999), Monolithic reactors for fine chemicals industries: A comparative analysis of a monolithic reactor and a mechanically agitated slurry reactor, Chem. Eng. Sci., 54, 2351-2358.

Ergun, S. (1952), Flow through packed columns, Chem. Eng. Prog., 48(2), 89-94.

Foumeny, E.A. and Benyahia, F. (1993), Can CFD improve the handling of air, gas and gas-liquid mixtures?, Chem. Eng. Prog., 21, 91(1), 8-9.

Green, A., Johnson, B. and John, A. (1999), Process intensification magnifies profits, Chem. Eng., 106, December, 66-73.

Higler, A.P., Krishna, R., Ellenberger, J. and Taylor, R. (1999), Counter current operation of structured catalytically packed-bed reactor: liquid phase mixing and mass transfer, Chem. Eng. Sci., 54, 5145-5152.

Jiang, Y., Khadilkar, M.R., Al-Dahhan, M.H., Dudukovic, M.P. et al. (2000a), CFD modeling of multiphase flow distribution in catalytic packed-bed reactors: scale down issues, presented at 3rd International Symposium in Catalysis in Multiphase Reactors, Naples (Italy) also published in Catalyst Today, 66, 209-218 (2001).

Jiang, Y., Khadilkar, M.R., Al-Dahhan, M.H. and Dudukovic, M.P. (2000b), Statistical characterization of macroscale multiphase flow textures in trickle beds, presented at 16th International Symposium on Chemical Reaction Engineering, Poland.

Jiang, Y., Khadilkar, M.R., Al-Dahhan, M.H. and Dudukovic, M.P. (2001), CFD modeling of multiphase flow in packed bed reactors: fluid flow, bed structure and modeling issues, AIChE J., submitted for publication.

Kleijn, C. (1991), Transport phenomena in chemical vapor deposition reactors, PhD thesis, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.

Kolhapure and Fox, R. (1999), CFD analysis of micromixing effects on polymerization in tubular low-density polyethylene reactors, Chem. Eng. Sci., 54, 3233-3242.

Komiyama, H., Shimogaki, Y. and Egashira, Y. (1999), Chemical reaction engineering in the design of CVD reactors, Chem. Eng. Sci., 54, 1941-1958.

Levenspiel, O. (1972), "Chemical Reaction Engineering", 2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Logtenberg, S.A. and Dixon, A.G. (1998), Computational fluid dynamics studies of fixed bed heat transfer, Chem. Eng. Processes, 37, 7-21.

Logtenberg, S.A., Nijemeisland, M. and Dixon, A.G. (1999), Computational fluid dynamics simulations of fluid flow and heat transfer at the wall-particle contact points in a fixed bed reactor, Chem. Eng. Sci., 54, 2433-2440.

Mehta, D. and Hawley, M.C. (1969), Wall effect in packed column, Ind. Eng. Chem. Proc. Des. Dev., 8, 280-282.

Mueller, G.E. (1991), Prediction of radial porosity distribution in randomly packed fixed beds of uniformly sized spheres in cylindrical containers, Chem. Eng. Sci., 46, 706.

Patankar, S.V. (1980), "Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow", Hemisphere, Washington DC.

Pfeiffer, J.F., Chen, J.C. and Hsu, J.T. (1996), Permeability of gigaporous particles, AIChE J., 42, 932-939.

Ranade, V.V. (1994), Modelling of flow mal-distribution in a fixed bed reactor using PHOENICS, J. PHOENICS, 7(3), 59-72.

Ranade, V.V. (1997), Improve reactor via CFD, Chem. Eng., 104, May, 96-102.

Robins, L.A. (1991), Improve pressure-drop predictions with a new correlation, Chem. Eng. Prog., 87(5), May, 87-91.

Stankiwicz, A.I. and Moulijn, J.A. (2000), Process intensification: transforming chemical engineering, Chem. Eng. Prog., 96(11), January, 22-34.

Taylor, W. (1999), CFD prediction and experimental validation of high-temperature thermal behavior in catalytic converters, SAE Special Publication, SP-1455, 29-42.

Visser, J.E., Rozendal, P.F., Hoogstraten, H.W. and Beenackers, A.A.C.M. (1999), Three-dimensional numerical simulation of flow and heat transfer in the Sulzer SMX static mixer, Chem. Eng. Sci., 54, 2491-2500.

Warnecke, H.-J., Schafer, M., Pruss, J. and Weidenbach, M. (1999), A concept of simulate an industrial size tube reactor with fast complex kinetics and absorption of two gases on the basis of CFD modeling, Chem. Eng. Sci, 54, 2513-2521.

Yin, F.H., Sun, C.G., Afacan, A., Nandakumar, K. and Chuang, K.T. (2000), CFD modeling of mass transfer processes in randomly packed distillation columns, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 39, 1369-1380.

0 0

Post a comment