References

1. Magnusson, I., "Design of Davits," Fluor Engineers, Inc., Irvine, Ca.

2. Roark, R. J., Formulas for Stress and Strain, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1954, Article 44, p 146.

3. Naberhaus, E. Paul, "Structural Design of Bins," Chemical Engineering, February 15, 1965, pp. 183-186.

4. Lambert, F. W., "The Theory and Practical Design of Bunkers," British Constructional Steelwork Association, Ltd., London.

5. API-620, Recommended Rules for Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks, 9th Edition, September 1996.

6. A WW A D100-84, Welded Steel Tanks for Water Storage.

7. API 650, Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage, 9th Edition, November 1993.

8. Gaylord, E. IT, and Gaylord, C. N. (Eds.), "Steel Tanks," from Structural Engineering Handbook, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1968, section 23.

9. Ketchum, M. S., Walls, Bins, and Grain Elevators, 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1929.

10. Ackley, E. J., "Film Coefficient of Heat Transfer for Agitated Process Vessels," Chemical Engineering, August 22, 1960.

11. Stuhlbarg, D., "How to Design Tank Heating Coils," Petroleum Refiner, April 1959.

12. Steve, E. H., "Refine Temperature Control in an Odd-Shaped Vessel," Hydrocarbon Processing, July 1999.

13. Bisi, F., and Menicatti, S., "How to Calculate Tank Heat Losses," Hydrocarbon Processing, February 1967.

14. Kumana, J. D., and Kothari, S. P., "Predict Storage Tank Heat Transfer Precisely," Chemical Engineering, March 22, 1982.

15. Kern, D. Q., Process Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, 1950.

16. Bondy, F., and Lippa, S., "Heat Transfer in Agitated Vessels," Chemical Engineering, April 4, 1983.

17. Steam, Its Generation and Use, 40th edition, Babcock and Wilcox Company, 1992, section 3-12.

18. "Flow of Fluids through Valves, Fittings and Pipe," Crane Company, Technical Paper No. 410.

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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