where t = thickness, in.

R= outside radius, in. L= length of column, in. Q= allowable load, lb A = metal cross-sectional area, in.2 Fa= allowable compressive stress, psi

12. Unit stress on a gasket,


where Ab = area of bolt, in.2 d„=O.D. of gasket, in. di=I.D. of gasket, in. Sa = bolt allow, stress, psi

13. Determine fundamental frequency of a vertical vessel on skirt, f.

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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