Table

Top Ten Coal-Consuming States in 2000

State Consumption (thousand short tons)

Texas

101,579

Indiana

70,583

Ohio

59,348

Alabama

39,797

West Virginia

39,000

Missouri

38,301

Kentucky

37,586

Michigan

36,298

Georgia

35,150

North Dakota

31,902

Total

489,544

Percentage of U.S. total

45.3%

FIGURE 2-17. Coal consumption by sector (1993-2002). (From Freme, F., U.S. Coal Supply and Demand: 2002 Review, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C., 2002.)

The resurgence in coal consumption, after decreasing around 1950 (see Figures 2-1 and 2-9), was driven by the Arab oil embargo in the first half of the 1970s, which caused significant price increases for petroleum, and by a natural gas shortage in the second half of the 1970s. Virtually all of this growth was due to the increasing amounts of coal used to generate electricity, and coal became the dominant energy source in the electrical power industry. Nearly 50% of the electricity generated in the United States in 2002 was from coal, as illustrated in Figure 2-18; however, in 2002, coal's share of electricity generation dropped below 50% for the first time since

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