1. Van Krevelen, D. W., Coal: Typology-Physics-Chemistry-Constitution, Third ed. (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 1993).

2. EIA, International Energy Annual 2001 (U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Washington, D.C., March 2003), pp. 114-115.

3. Grimston, M. C., Coal as an Energy Source (IEA Coal Research, London, 1999), p. 6.

4. Moore, E. S., Coal: Its Properties, Analysis, Classification, Geology, Extraction, Uses, and Distribution (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1922), p. 124.

5. Walker, S., Major Coalfields of the World (IEA Coal Research, London, 2000).

6. Tatsch, J. H., Coal Deposits: Origin, Evolution, and Present Characteristics (Tatsch Associates, Sudbury, MA, 1980), p. 5.

7. Schobert, H. H., Coal: The Energy Source of the Past and Future (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1987).

8. Mitchell, G., Basics of Coal and Coal Characteristics (Selecting Coals for Quality Coke Short Course, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 1997).

9. Elliott, M. A. (editor), Chemistry of Coal Utilization, Second Suppl. Vol. (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1981).

10. Berkowitz, N., An Introduction to Coal Technology (Academic Press, New York, 1979).

11. Singer, J. G. (editor), Combustion: Fossil Power Systems (Combustion Engineering, Windsor, CT, 1981).

12. Miller, B. G., S. Falcone Miller, R. Cooper, J. Gaudlip, M. Lapinsky, R. McLaren, W. Serencsits, N. Raskin, andT. Steitz, Feasibility Analysis for Installing a Circulating Fluidized Bed Boiler for Cofiring Multiple Biofuels and Other Wastes with Coal at Penn State University (U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, DE-FG26-00NT40809, 2003), Appendix J.

13. Ward, C. R. (editor), Coal Geology and Coal Technology (Blackwell Scientific, Melbourne, 1984), p. 66.

14. Averitt, P., Coal resources of the U.S., January 1, 1974, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, No. 1412, 1975 (reprinted 1976), 131 pp.

15. Mackowsky, M. T., Mineral Matter in Coal: In Coal and Coal-Bearing Strata, D. Murchson and T. S. Westoll, editors (Oliver & Boyd, Ltd., London, 1968), pp. 309-321.

16. EIA, U.S. Coal Reserves: 1997 Update (U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Washington, D.C., February 1999), p. 5, Appendix A.

17. EIA, International Energy Outlook 2002 (U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Washington, D.C., March 2002), p. 72.

18. Keystone Coal Industry Manual (Intertec Publishing, Chicago, IL, 1997), p. 687.

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