Clean Coal Power Initiative CCPI

The second follow-on program to the CCT Program is the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI), which was initiated by President Bush in 2002 and is an innovative technology demonstration program that fosters more efficient clean coal technologies for use in existing and new power generation facilities in the United States [6]. Candidate technologies are demonstrated at a significant scale to ensure proof-of-operation prior to widespread commercialization. Technologies emerging from this program will help to meet the president's new environmental objectives for the United States, as detailed in the Clear Skies Initiative, Global Climate Change Initiative, and FutureGen, and to advance pollution control and coal utilization, both in the United States and abroad. Early demonstrations emphasize technologies that are applicable to existing power plants and include construction of new plants. Later demonstrations will include systems comprising advanced turbines, membranes, fuel cells, gasification technologies, and hydrogen production [6]. CCPI is a multiyear program funded at a total federal cost of up to $2 billion, with the private sector cost-share being at least 50%. CCPI responds to President Bush's commitment to clean coal technology development as part of his National Energy Policy [59]. Priorities covered by the National Energy Policy include increasing the country's domestic energy supply, protecting its environment, ensuring a comprehensive energy delivery system, and enhancing national energy security [3].

The Clean Coal Power Initiative will be conducted over four solicitations (Rounds 1 through 4). Round 1 proposals were submitted in 2002, with eight projects selected in January 2003 out of 36 proposals submitted (although one project has subsequently withdrawn). The projects selected are comprised of power generation, co-production, multipollutant emissions control, advanced control systems, and by-product utilization. Negotiations are under way, and the projects total $1.23 billion, of which the DOE is providing $286 million or 23% of the total [60]. Round 2 planning activities are under way; the solicitation is to be released in 2004 and project selections are planned for 2005. The emphasis of the second solicitation will be on efficiency improvements and advanced multipollutant (including mercury) controls for Clear Skies technologies. Round 3 (tentative award date 2007) will emphasize co-production, membranes, fuel cells, and energy systems with efficiencies greater than 50%. Near-zero emissions, hydrogen production and transportation, sequestration, and efficiencies greater than 55% (Vision 21 modules) will be emphasized in Round 4 (tentative award date 2009).

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