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FIGURE 1-7. Countries with the largest recoverable coal reserves. (Note that the bottom bar shows the total for the states of the Former Soviet Union for comparison.)

the world into two major categories: (1) recoverable anthracite and bituminous coal (i.e., hard coal) and (2) recoverable lignite and subbituminous coal. Figure 1-7 shows the ten countries with the largest recoverable coal reserves. The United States contains the largest quantity of recoverable coal reserves,

~274 billion short tons, or ~25% of the world's total. The country with the second largest quantity of recoverable coal reserves is Russia, which contains approximately 16% of the world's total reserves. If the Russian reserves are combined with those of the other FSU countries, as is commonly done, the states of the FSU contain nearly 23% of the world's total reserves, or 254 billion short tons (Figure 1-7). What is especially worth noting is that more than 70 countries contain recoverable coal but the ten shown in Figure 1-7 contain more than 983 billion short tons, or more than 90% of the world's total.

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