Design analysis for material selection

A material is selected for a given component because its property profile matches that demanded by the application. The desired property profile characterizes the application. It is identified by examining the function of the component, the objectives which are foremost in the designer's mind, and constraints that the component must meet if it is to perform adequately.

The applications in which a new material will excel are those in which the match between its property profile and that of the application are particularly good. This chapter describes how property profiles are established. The Appendix to this Guide lists material-property groups linked with a range of generic applications. Metal foams have large values of some of these property groups and poor values of others, suggesting where applications might be sought.

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