311 Literature on testing of metal foams

Structural characterization

Bart-Smith, H., Bastawros, A.-F., Mumm, D.R., Evans, A.G., Sypeck, D. and Wadley, H.G. (1998) Compressive deformation and yielding mechanisms in cellular Al alloys determined Using X-ray tomography and surface strain mapping. Acta Mater. 46: 3583-3592.

Kottar, A., Kriszt, B. and Degisher, H.P. (1999) Private communication.

Mechanical testing

American Society for Testing and Materials Specification C-273-61, Shear test in flatwise plane of flat sandwich constructions or sandwich cores. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.

American Society for Testing and Materials Specification E8-96a, Standard test methods for tension testing of metallic materials. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.

Andrews, E.W., Sanders, W. and Gibson, L.J. (1999a) Compressive and tensile behavior of aluminum foams. Materials Science and Engineering A270, 113-124.

Andrews, E.W., Gioux, G., Onck, P. and Gibson, L.J. (1999b) Size effects in ductile cellular solids, submitted to Int. J. Mech. Sci.

Strain mapping

Bastawros, A.-F. and McManuis, R. (1998) Case study: Use of digital image analysis software to measure non-uniform deformation in cellular aluminum alloys. Exp. Tech. 22, 35-37.

Brigham, E.O. (1974) The Fast Fourier Transform, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Chen, D.J., Chiang, F.P., Tan, Y.S. and Don, H.S. (1993) Digital speckle-displacement measurement using a complex spectrum method. Applied Optics. 32, 1839-1849.

Instron, (1997) Surface Displacement Analysis User Manual.

Multiaxial testing of foams

Deshpande, V.S. and Fleck, N.A. (2000) Isotropic constitutive models for metallic foams. To appear in J. Mech. Phys. Solids.

Gioux, G., McCormick, T. and Gibson, L.J. (2000) Failure of aluminum foams under multi-axial loads. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 42, 1097-1117.

Hardness testing of foams

Shaw, M.C. and Sata, T. (1966) Int. J. Mech. Sci. 8, 469.

Wilsea, M., Johnson, K.L. and Ashby, M.F. (1975) Int. J. Mech. Sci. 17, 457.

Chapter 4

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