Supplementary Equipment

In some cases substances may turn into (short living) radicals after stimulation either by light irradiation or in the course of a reaction triggered by an added reagent. In other cases, reactive and short-lived radicals may be trapped in an adduct with a so-called

Figure 2 Instrumental set-up of synchronized online HPLC-X-band-ESR coupling (modified in accordance with Osterloh and Kroll (1998)).

'spin-trap'. To provide the possibility for monitoring such reactions online with an eluted fraction, certain supplementary equipment may be added to the whole instrumental set-up as shown in Figure 3.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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