Reactive Distillation

The idea of combining reaction and separation in a single apparatus has been extensively investigated. Doherty and Buzad (1992) present a survey of the available design techniques for reactive distillation. Reactive distillation is particularly attractive whenever a chemical reaction provides the favourable effect of reacting away azeotropic mixtures so that the behaviour of the liquid phase is simplified. In addition, it has been shown that reactive distillation has the potential of eliminating recycle costs when a liquid reaction involves a large excess of one reactant.

In general, the current trend in reactive distillation design is using experimental results from bench-scale problems in the initial stages of the design, and then using computer-aided simulation tools for scale-up and operability issues.

Possible profitable applications of reactive distillation processes are numerous. However, an incomplete understanding of the interactions of the many nonlinear phenomena such as chemical reaction, phase equilibrium, mass transfer and countercurrent flow has prevented the widespread use of such processes. Considerable research effort in the area is currently being conducted.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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