Process and Equipment Design

Indirect cooling is the most widely applied technique to produce crystals from a melt. In this context the term 'indirect' refers to the mechanism of heat transfer from the melt to the cooling medium, which takes place via the wall of a heat exchanger. Crystal growth may either take place as a layer on a cooled surface or freely suspended in the mother liquor. The principles of both techniques and their large-scale applications are discussed below. See Table 1 for an overview and an evaluation of both techniques.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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