Possible Membrane Configurations

Incorporation of a reaction and separation zone in a single process unit allows for a variety of possible configurations. The optimum design of the equipment is closely tied to the reaction conditions and the ability of the membrane material to serve as a catalyst. Several of the more common configurations are shown in Figure 3. For illustrative purposes, the de-hydrogenation of a compound to form hydrogen will be considered. The hydrogen is removed from the reaction zone to increase the equilibrium conversion. Similar configurations can be employed for the other reactions listed in Table 1. As described below, these configurations represent the most frequently employed designs, however, the list is not exhaustive and new configurations are developed and patented regularly.

Figure 3 Common membrane reactor configurations. (A) Catalytic membrane; (B) membrane tube packed with catalyst; (C) membrane-assisted batch reactor.
Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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