J0 j0cosn0

where 0 is the angle from between wire and plate (rad); n is a function of j, 2 (near corona onset) to 4.

Ion mobility is based on that of SO2 and SO-. Space charge resulting from the charging of particles is treated as an equivalent ion current and used to adjust the operating voltage.

Non-dimensional parameters are used in models to add generality to results and to simplify mathematical treatment. For instance, the initial particle charging rate in an ESP model (ESPM), combining both diffusion and field charging, is:

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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