Introduction

Distillation is a process used to separate liquid mixtures into two or more streams, each of which has a composition that is different from that of the a cost function that includes the capital cost of the equipment (which determines the column diameter, tray spacing, etc.) and operating costs (which determine the reflux and reboil rates and the number of ideal stages).

See also: II/Distillation: Historical Development; Instrumentation and Control Systems; Theory of Distillation; Tray Columns: Design; Packed Columns: Design and Performance; Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium: Correlation and Prediction; Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium: Theory.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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