Further Reading

Ives KJ (ed.) (1984) The Scientific Basis of Flotation. The

Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Jones MH and Woodcock JT (eds) (1984) Principles of

Mineral Flotation. Victoria: AIMM. Laskowski JS (ed.) (1989) Frothing in Flotation. New

York: Gordon Breach Science. Matis KA (ed.) (1995) Flotation Science and Engineering.

New York: Marcel Dekker. Mavros P and Matis KA (eds) (1991) Innovations in Flotation Technology. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Parekh BK and Miller JD (eds) (1999) Advances in Flotation Technology. Littleton: SME. Sastry KVS and Fuerstenau MC (eds) (1989) Challenges in

Minerals Processing. Littleton: SME. Schulze HJ (1984) Physico-chemical Elementary Processes in Flotation. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Somasundaran P and Moudgil BM (eds) (1988) Reagents in

Mineral Technology. New York: Marcel Dekker. Souninen EJ, Forssberg KSE and Buckley AN (eds) (1997) Application of Surface Science to Advancing Flotation Technology. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Wood R, Doyle FM and Richardson P (eds) (1996) Elec-rochemistry in Mineral and Metal Processing, Vol. IV. Pennington: Electrochemistry Society.

established in a selective manner, frequently by collector (surfactant) addition, so that one particle type can be separated from other particle types which are maintained in a hydrophilic state.

The extent to which a surface is hydrophobic can be described in various ways. Two of the most common laboratory methods are contact-angle measurement and bubble attachment time measurement. The contact angle measurement tends to be an equilibrium, or pseudo-equilibrium, measure of hydro-phobicity, while the bubble attachment time measurement is a kinetic measure of hydrophobicity. Other measures of hydrophobicity are also possible and include bubble pick-up and microflotation experiments.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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