Further Reading

Alhedai A, Martire DE and Scott RPW (1989) Column 'dead volume' in liquid chromatography. Analyst 114: 869-875.

Golay MJE (1958) In: Desty DH (ed.) Gas Chromatography 1958, p. 36. London: Butterworths.

Grushka E and Kikta EJ (1976) Diffusion in liquids. II. The dependence of the diffusion coefficients on molecular weight and temperature. Journal of the American Chemistry Society 98: 643-648.

Laub RJ and Pecsok RL (1978) Physicochemical Applications of Gas Chromatography, p. 153. Chichester: John Wiley.

Liao H-L, Martire DE and Sheridan JP (1973) Thermodynamics of molecular association by gas-liquid chromatography. A comparison of two experimental approaches. Analytical Chemistry 215: 2087-2092.

Martire DE (1989) Generalized treatment of spatial and temporal column parameters applicable to gas, liquid and supercritical fluid chromatography. I. Theory. Journal of Chromatography 461: 165-176.

Martire DE and Reidl P (1968) A thermodynamic study of hydrogen bonding by means of gas-liquid chromato-graphy. Journal of Physical Chemistry 72: 3478-3488.

P. A. Sewell, Lathom, Ormskirk, Lancs, UK Copyright © 2000 Academic Press

Liquid chromatography (LC) involves the separation of the components of a mixture by virtue of differences in the equilibrium distribution of the components between two phases: one which is a liquid (the mobile phase) and moves in a definite direction, the other which is stationary (the stationary phase). Modern LC using very small particles and a relatively high inlet pressure is referred to as high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Scott RPW (1995) Techniques and Practice of Chromatography, p. 34. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Tewari YB, Sheriden JP and Martire DE (1970) Gas-liquid chromatography determination and lattice treatment of activity coefficients for some haloalkane solutes in al-kane solvents. Journal of Physical Chemistry 74: 3263-3268.

Van Deemter JJ, Zuiderweg FJ and Klinkenberg A (1956) Longitudinal diffusion and resistance to mass transfer as causes of nonideality in chromatography. Chemical Engineering Science 5: 271-280.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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