Further Reading

CHERUB™ - CHemical Engineering Reference User Bibliography on the Engineering & Applied Science CD-ROM from INFORMIT, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (published semi-annually by subscription; details available from this author).

CAD Design Packages: HYSIM™ (1987) and HYSYS™ (1996), Hyprotech Ltd, Alberta, Canada; PRO/II™ (1984) and PROTISS™ (1996). California, USA: Simulation Sciences Inc.

Fair JR (1988) Distillation: whither, not whether. Chemical Engineering Research and Design 66: 363-370.

Kister HZ (1990) Distillation Operation. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kister HZ (1992) Distillation Design. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kunesh JG, Kister HZ, Lockett MJ and Fair JR (1995) Distillation: Still towering over other options. Chemical Engineering Progress 91(10): 43-54.

Luyben WL (1992) Practical Distillation Control. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Porter KE (1995) Why research is needed in distillation. Chemical Engineering Research and Design 73(4): 357-362.

Shinskey FG (1984) Distillation Control, 2nd edn. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Sneesby MG, Tade MO, Datta R and Smith TN (1998) Detrimental inSuence of excessive fractionation on reactive distillation. American Institute of Chemical Engineers Journal 44(2): 388-393.

Tade MO, Sneesby MG, Datta R and Smith TN (1997) ETBE synthesis via reactive distillation. Part 1: Steady-state simulation and design aspects; Part 2: Dynamic simulation and control aspects. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 36(5): 1855-1869 and 1870-1881.

most important separation method applied in the process industries today.

The layout of a simple distillation column is shown in Figure 1. A single feed enters the column at the side and two products are produced: the light or most volatile components are withdrawn from the top and heavy components are removed from the bottom. Heat (in the case shown, steam) for evaporation of the liquid is supplied to the reboiler, and heat is removed (in this case, through cooling water) at the top in the condenser. The nomenclature used in this

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