Further Reading

Armour JN (1989) Catalysis with permselective inorganic membranes. Applied Catalysis 49: 1. Gokhale YV, Noble RD and Falconer JL (1995) Effects of reactant loss and membrane selectivity on a dehyd-rogenation reaction in a membrane-enclosed catalytic reactor. Journal of Membrane Science 103: 235. Govind R and Itoh N (eds) (1989) Membrane reactor technology. AIChE Symposium Series 85: 268. Saracco G, Versteeg GF and van Swaaij WPM (1994) Current hurdles to the success of high-temperature membrane reactors. Journal of Membrane Science 95: 105. Shu J, Grandjean BPA, Van Neste A and Kaliaguine S (1991) Catalytic palladium-based membrane reactors: a review. Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering 69: 1036.

in which the composition at the feed-membrane interface differs from the composition in the bulk of the feed mixture. This gradient in composition is generated by the separation performed by the membrane and, as such, cannot be avoided. However, it is important to minimize the effects of concentration polarization because the gradient in composition reduces the separation performance of the membrane and increases the potential for membrane fouling.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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