Further Reading

Birstein VJ (1975) On the technology of Central Asian wall paintings: the problem of binding media. Studies in Conservation 20: 8.

Derrick MR and Stulik DC (1990) Identification of natural gums in works of art using pyrolysis-gas chromatogra-phy. ICOM Committee for Conservation, 9th Triennial Meeting, Dresden, 26-31 August 1990: Preprints (ed. Grimstad K), p. 9.

Erhardt D, Hopwood W, Baler M and von Endt D (1988) A systematic approach to the instrumental analysis of natural finishes and binding media. Preprints of Papers presented at the 6th Annual Meeting. American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. Washington, DC: pp. 67-84.

Flieder F (1968) Mise au points des techniques d'identification des pigments et des liants inclus dans la couche picturale des eluminures de manuscrits. Studies in Conservation 13: 49.

Grzywacz CM (1994) Identification of proteinaceous binding media in paintings by amino acid analysis using 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate derivatization and re-versed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A 676: 177.

Halpine SM (1992) Amino acid analysis of proteinaceous media from Cosimo Tura's The Annunciation with Saint Francis and Saint Louis of Toulouse. Studies in Conservation 37: 22.

Keck S and Peters T (1969) Identification of protein-containing paint media by quantitative amino acid analysis. Studies in Conservation 14: 75.

Kenndler E, Schmidt-Beiwl K, Mairinger F and Pohm M (1992) Identification of proteinaceous binding media of easel paintings by gas chromatography of the amino acid derivatives after catalytic hydrolysis by a protonated cation exchanger. Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry 342: 135.

Masschelein-Kleiner L, Herlan J and Tricot-Marckx F (1968) Contribution a l'analyses des liants, adhesifs et vernis anciens. Studies in Conservation 13: 105.

Mills JS and White R (1994) The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects, 2nd edn. London: Butterworth Heinemann.

Nowik H (1995) Acides amines et acidgras sur un m^me chromatogramme un autre regard sur l'analyse de liants en peinture. Studies in Conservation 40: 120.

Twilley JW (1984) The analysis of exudate plant gums in their artistic applications: an interim report. American Chemistry Society Advances in Chemistry Series 205: 357.

Vallance SL, Singer BW, Hitchen SM and Townsend JH (1998) The development and initial application of a gas chromatographic method for the characterization of gum media. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 37(3): 294.

White R (1984) The characterization of proteinaceous binders in art objects. National Gallery Technical Bulletin 8: 5.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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