Further Reading

Blau K and Halket JM (eds) (1993) Handbook of Derivatives for Chromatography, 2nd edn. Chichester: John Wiley.

Christie WW (1989) Gas Chromatography and Lipids.

Ayr, Scotland: Oily Press. Christie WW (ed.) (1992-97) Advances in Lipid Methodology, vols 1-4. Dundee, Scotland: Oily Press. Clement RE (ed.) (1990) Gas Chromatography - Biochemical, Biomedical, and Clinical Applications. New York: John Wiley.

Gutnikov G (1995) Fatty acid profiles of lipid samples.

Journal of Chromatography B 671: 71. Poole CF and Schuette SA (1985) Contemporary Practice of

Chromatography. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Shantha NC and Napolitano GE (1992) Gas chromatography of fatty acids. Journal of Chromatography 624: 37. Wittkoski R and Matissek R (eds) (1992) Capillary Gas Chromatography in Food Control and Research. Hamburg, Germany: B. Behr's Verlag. Zumwalt RW, Kuo KCT and Gehrke CW (1987) Amino Acid Analysis by Gas Chromatography, vols 1-3. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

In ion suppression chromatography, a buffer of appropriate pH is added to the mobile phase in order to suppress the ionization of the carboxylic acids so that they can be retained on nonpolar stationary phases and eluted in order of increasing hydrophobicity. Ion interaction (or ion pair) chromatography has been used for the separation of carboxylic acids under isocratic or gradient conditions and involves the complete ionization of the solute and the addition to the mobile phase of an ion interaction reagent (IIR), consisting of lipophilic ions of opposite charge to the solute. Ion exclusion chromatography (i.e. the separation of partially ionized carboxylic acids on a cation exchange stationary phase using amperometry, coulometry, ultra

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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