The mechanism of water dissociation in bipolar membranes can be rationalized by a hypothesis which postulates a catalytic reaction between a weak base and water. Based on this hypothesis, very stable chemical and thermal bipolar membranes can be prepared and operated efficiently at current densities in excess of 0.1 A cm2. The process has many potential applications. There are, however, still a multitude of problems to be solved. Some are related to the poor selectivity of the bipolar membranes and poor acid-blocking capability of the anion exchange membranes; others are caused by the lack of application know-how and practical experience.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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