Combined Electric Thermal FFF ElThFFF

An interesting combined technique represents the application of an electric field across the channel for Thermal FFF, where a temperature gradient is used to separate the analysed particles. After a potential drop of about 2 V is applied, the ThFFF retention is apparently changed. This combination allows a more exact examination of the particle surface properties, since ThFFF, like electrophoresis, represents a surface kinetic phenomenon defined by the surface force potential. Also, this combined FFF method gives information on particle electrokinetic properties in non-aqueous solution. El-ThFFF may allow distinction between electrostatic and non-electrostatic interactions in surface layer by programming of the electric field strength during the separation.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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