Background

Since its commercial inception in 1988 capillary elec-trophoresis (CE) has increasingly offered the separ hydrolysis of the nerve agent VX in rat plasma. Journal of Chromatography B 688: 255-264.

Compton JAF (1988) Military Chemical and Biological Agents. Caldwell, NJ: The Telford Press.

D'Agostino PA (1995) Chemical warfare agents - analysis and characterization. In: Townshend A and Worsfold PJ (eds.), Encyclopedia of Analytical Science, pp. 599-608. London: Academic Press.

D'Agostino PA, Hancock JR and Provost LR (1999) Packed capillary liquid chromatography-electrospray-mass spectrometry analysis of organophosphorus chemical warfare agents. Journal of Chromatography A 840: 289 -294.

Gander TJ (1996) Jane's NBC Protective Equipment. London: Butler and Tanner Inc.

Ivarsson U, Nilsson H and Santesson J (1992) A Briefing Book on Chemical Weapons. Ljungforeytagen Oregro.

Kaipainen A, Kostiainen O and Riekkola M-L (1992) Identification of chemical warfare agents in air samples using capillary column gas chromatography with three simultaneous detectors. Journal of Microcolumn Separations 4: 245-251.

Kientz ChE (1998) Review: Chromatography and mass spectrometry of chemical warfare agents, toxins and related compounds: state of the art and future prospects. Journal of Chromatography 814: 1-23.

Methodology and Instrumentation for Sampling and Analysis in the Verification of Chemical Disarmament (1977-1994) Helsinki: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland.

Somani SM (1992) Chemical Warfare Agents. New York: Academic Press.

Witkiewicz Z, Mazurek M and Szulc J (1990) Review: Chromatographic analysis of chemical warfare agents. Journal of Chromatography 503: 293-357.

ation scientist a very wide range of application (biopolymers to cations), with ultra-high efficiency. It is generally cost-effective, easy in use, with low sample and buffer requirements and has the capability for automation. For these reasons CE has expanded considerably and is now used as an orthogonal and complementary technique alongside well-established analytical procedures. Of all its

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