At T T

and can also be translated via the solubility curve into a concentration difference:

Other frequently used expressions are the dimension-less saturation ratio:

or the relative supersaturation:

Here c can be expressed by kg solute per kg or m3 of content of the crystallizer. The volume, V, of the the solvent or solution, but an expression in kg solute per m3 solution (= liquid) phase is generally used in mass balances (=mass fraction, w).

For evaporative crystallization, eqn [1] can be transformed into:

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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