While the use of membranes to influence catalytic reactions has been explored in great detail, few systems have been employed commercially. Some of the possible reasons for this slow adoption are listed below. Nevertheless, a few materials are produced through the use of membrane reactor technology. Gryaznov, for example, has reported the production of vitamin K using a single-step process utilizing a membrane reactor. The membrane was employed to control the hydrogenation of a mixture of quinone and acetic anhydride to form vitamin K. The membrane reactor process resulted in a 95% yield using an external hydrogen pressure of 1 atm. The conventional process required several processing steps and resulted in only 80% yield. This membrane reactor process is reported to be employed commercially in Russia.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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