The mcchanical behavior of metals in service can often be assumed to be that of a linear, isotropic, and elastic solid. Thus, design analysis can be based on classical strength of materials theory extensively reviewed in textbooks and literature. Such uses are most appropriate to components of simple geometric shapes for which standard soludons exist, or for more complex shapes where they can possibly be used for initial approximate design calculations.

For the more complex, and shapes that do not exist, the solution of the applicable elasticity equations may require some form of numerical procedure, such as finite element analysis (FEA) or finite difference analysis (FDA). If design analysis involves frequent consideration of similar problems, then the burden on the designer can be reduced by generating a set of solutions presented as a set of design charts.

An alternative is to provide a method in the form of a computer program for which die design analyst requires minimal familiarity with the design method. However, in critical situations, there may be no alternative to a detailed FEA with evaluation of the manufactured product to ensure meeting performance requirements.

Under appropriate conditions, metal design involves plasticity, creep, and geometric nonlinearity. These topics are treated in standard texts and have been put into computer software. However, such complexities are necessarily modeled in a simple technical format (Chapter 5).

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