Design Approach

The acquisition of analytical techniques and practical skills in the engineering sciences is important to the design system. Through a study of engineering of any label based on mathematics and physics applied through elemental studies, one acquires an all-round engineering competence. This enables, for example, one to calculate fatigue life, creep behavior, inertia forces, torsion and shaft stresses, vibration characteristics, etc.

The list of calculations is limidess if one considers all the engineering disciplines and is therefore generally acceptable as the basis for any engineering review. However, the application of such skills and knowledge to engineering elements is partial design. To include the highly optimized, best material and/or shape in any design when it is not essential to the design may involve engineering analysis of the highest order that is expensive and usually not required.

Limitations, shortcomings, or deficiencies have to be recognized otherwise potentially misdirected engineering analysis give rise to a poor design. What has been helpful in many design teams is to include non-engineers or non-technologists (Fig. 2.1). However, this needs a disciplined, structured approach, so that everyone has a common view of total design and therefore subscribes to a common objective with a minimum of misconceptions. Participants should be able to see how their differing partial design contributions fit into the whole project.

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