125 Recent Evs And Hevs

All of the major automotive manufacturers have production EVs, many of which are available for sale or lease to the general public. The status of these vehicle programs changes rapidly, with manufacturers suspending production frequently due to the small existing market demand of such vehicles. Examples of production EVs which are or until recently have been available are GM EVl, Ford Think City, Toyota RAV4, Nissan Hypermini, and Peugeot 106 Electric. There are also many prototype and experimental EVs being developed by the maj or automotive manufacturers. Most of these vehicles use AC induction motors or PM synchronous motors. Also, interestingly, almost all of these vehicles use battery technology other than the lead-acid battery pack. The list of EVs in production and under development is extensive, and readers are referred to the literature3'4 for the details of many of these vehicles.

The manufacturers of EVs in the 1990s realized that their significant research and development efforts on ZEV technologies were hindered by unsuitable battery technologies. A number of auto industries started developing hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) to overcome the battery and range problem of pure electric vehicles. The Japanese auto industries lead this trend with Toyota, Honda, and Nissan already marketing their Prius, Insight, and Tino model hybrids. The hybrid vehicles use an electric motor and an internal combustion engine and, thus, do not solve the pollution problem, although it does mitigate it. It is perceived by many that the hybrids, with their multiple propulsion units and control complexities, are not economically viable in the long run, although currently a number of commercial, prototype, and experimental hybrid vehicle models are available from almost all of the major automotive industries around the world. Toyota, Honda, and Nissan are marketing the hybrid vehicles well below the production cost, with significant subsidy and incentive from the government. However, the cost of HEVs and EVs are expected to be high until production volume increases significantly.

Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) can be a viable alternative to battery electric vehicles, serving as zero-emission vehicles without the range problem. Toyota is leading the way with FCEV, announcing the availability of its FCEV in 2003. The Toyota FCEV is based on the Toyota RAV4 model.

FIGURE 1.3 EV process from crude oil to power at the wheels.
Hybrid Cars The Whole Truth Revealed

Hybrid Cars The Whole Truth Revealed

Hybrid Cars! Man! Is that a HOT topic right now! There are some good reasons why hybrids are so hot. If you’ve pulled your present car or SUV or truck up next to a gas pumpand inserted the nozzle, you know exactly what I mean! I written this book to give you some basic information on some things<br />you may have been wondering about.

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