## Summary Examples

Following are four examples of how the terms and formulae provided above are applied to specific representative prime mover systems. All values are given in English units and the assumed fuel is pipeline grade natural gas with an HHV of 1,020 Btu/cf and LHV of 918 Btu/cf. Fuel costs are given for each example on the basis of 1,000 cf (1 Mcf).

For simplicity, the performance + A Operating costs + Annualized capital cost expressions are applied under idealized

This expression can be extended further to reflect life-cycle CCP. Based on an assumed financial discount rate, the life cycle CCP would be the sum of the present values of the annualized CCP over the life of the systems. To perform this calculation, a present value factor is full load operating conditions. In actual applications, prime mover performance will be directly related to continually varying operating conditions. For example, operation under varying load conditions or at varying inlet air temperatures usually results in a change in heat rate from rated full load operation. Numerous other factors will also influence actual performance.

Term |
English Units |
SI Units |

Thermal efficiency (Eq. 2-9) Net work output Heat energy input |
Btu/h |
or iwWh x 100% |

Heat energy input Net work input |
BtuUh = Btu/hp-h hp |
kWhJh or kWW = kWhh/kWhm |

Net thermal efficiency (Eq. 2-16) ( Net work output ) jqqo/ |
/ hp x 2,545 Btu/hp-h \ |
( kWm x 3,600 kJ/kWhm \ |

\ Heat added — Heat recovered) |
\BtuHeat added/h - BtuHeat recovered/h) X 100% |
\kjHeat added/h kJHeat recovered'h/ |

Heat added — Heat recovered |
BtuEnergy added/h — BtuHeat recovered/h |
kJEnergy added/h kJHeat recovered/h |

Net work output |
hp |
kWm |

Energy-chargeable-to-power (Eq. 2-19) Total heat added — Displaced fuel energy Net power output |
BtuHeat added — BtuHeat recovered x tf.Boiler |
kkJHeat added ~ kkJHeat recovered x ^Boiler |

hp-hOutput— hp-hAuxilliary input |
k'^WhmOutput k'^Whm Auxiliary input | |

Table 2-1 English and SI Units Commonly Used in Performance Terms. |

Example 1 |

## Guide to Alternative Fuels

Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet. Ethanol is an alternative to gasoline. The use of ethanol has been demonstrated to reduce greenhouse emissions slightly as compared to gasoline. Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know why choosing an alternative fuel may benefit you and your future.

## Post a comment