Quality Control

An important aspect of the design process is quality control (also sometimes referred to as quality assurance). Quality management should be an ongoing activity at each project team level. Design review presentations ensure the critical input of cross disciplines and the most senior engineers. This process should include representation from the Design Team and from the host facility's management team.

Ideally, every product that is issued should undergo peer review for engineering and editorial quality. Engineering review includes a critical analysis of scope, approach, assumptions, and calculations by an engineering peer who has, to date, not contributed in any substantial manner to the project. The designer and reviewer confer and work to reach consensus on the reviewer's commentary. The reviewer signs off formally on the document control routing sheet, which becomes a part of the project record.

At a minimum, where applicable, all project and associated equipment and facility installation designs should comply with the recommendations and standards of the following:

American Association of State Highway and

Transportation Officials (AASHTO) American Concrete Institute (ACI) American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) American National Standards Institute (ANSI) American Society for Civil Engineers (ASCE) American Society for Heating, Refrigeration, and Air

Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME) American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

American Water Works Association (AWWA) Architectural and Engineering Instructions (AEI) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Factory Mutual (FM)

Federal, state, and installation environmental codes and regulations

Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Local utility standards

Metal Building Manufacturers Association (MBMA)

National Electric Code (NEC)

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)

National Standard Plumbing Code (NSPC)

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)

State, local, and installation safety documents applicable to the project Uniform Building Code (UBC) Uniform Electrical Code (UEC) Uniform Federal Accessibility (UFA) Uniform Fire Code (UFC) Uniform Mechanical Code (UMC) Uniform Plumbing Code (UPC)

Note that this is only a partial representative listing. There are numerous other standards that may apply, depending on the type of equipment, facility, and processes involved. Another governing factor will be the type of business or institutional mission involved (e.g., hospital, military base, etc.). Each will usually have several additional standards that must be complied with. These standards should be identified at the onset of the design process and agreement should be reached with the host facility as to which standards apply and, in the case of conflict, which standard supersedes the others.

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