Pump Formulas and Affinity Laws

Energy must be converted to work if a liquid is to be moved and this is the function of a pump. The work may be lifting the liquid against gravity from one elevation to another or forcing it into a pressurized vessel. In addition to these fixed or static resistances to flow, there is also a dynamic component that varies with velocity of flow, i.e., frictional losses to be overcome in the pipe, fittings, heat exchangers, spray heads, and other equipment and

Fig. 31-23 Axial Flow Pump. Source: Hydraulic Institute
Guide to Alternative Fuels

Guide to Alternative Fuels

Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet. Ethanol is an alternative to gasoline. The use of ethanol has been demonstrated to reduce greenhouse emissions slightly as compared to gasoline. Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know why choosing an alternative fuel may benefit you and your future.

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