Construction Phase

Common to all types of implementation and contractual approaches is the need for a construction methodology that incorporates standard industry practices for assuring proper coordination, communications, materials quality, construction methods, budget controls, code compliance, and safety practices. Appropriate measures must be taken to ensure that the measures are installed on time and within budget and are consistent with all previous analysis and design concepts. These planning, oversight, tracking, and control measures are the responsibility of the construction management team. They include:

• Pre-construction activities, such as planning, con-structability review, and value engineering

• Cost estimating and document control at various stages of development

• Final equipment selection and material acquisition

• Scheduling and coordination of construction trades and activities, materials delivery, etc.

• Start-up and commissioning planning and oversight

• Site safety program development and management

• Quality assurance program development and management

The construction management team uses various control systems and tracking tools and checks to ensure that all subcontracted work is performed in a timely manner and meets high standards of quality. All construction team members' work must be closely coordinated. Projects should be delivered on time, within budget, and with a minimal amount of scope and cost changes. With a standard plan and specification approach, risks and responsibilities are more spread out between the facility owner, the design firm, and the construction firm. In the case of performance-based design-build type arrangements, many of the risks of project performance are shifted away from the owner and onto the contractor. With performance-based contracts, the achievement of actual verified savings becomes the engine that drives this construction process. The risk of a flawed design or substandard construction no longer lies primarily with the owner, but with the performance contractor.

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