Types And Definitions

TEMA-style shell-and-tube-type exchangers constitute the bulk of the unfired heat-transfer equipment in chemical-process plants, although increasing emphasis has been developing in other designs. These exchangers are illustrated in Fig. 11-35, and their features are summarized in Table 11-11.

TEMA Numbering and Type Designation Recommended practice for the designation of TEMA-style shell-and-tube heat exchangers by numbers and letters has been established by the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association (TEMA). This information from the sixth edition of the TEMA Standards is reproduced in the following paragraphs.

It is recommended that heat-exchanger size and type be designated by numbers and letters.

1. Size. Sizes of shells (and tube bundles) shall be designated by numbers describing shell (and tube-bundle) diameters and tube lengths as follows:

2. Diameter. The nominal diameter shall be the inside diameter of the shell in inches, rounded off to the nearest integer. For kettle reboilers the nominal diameter shall be the port diameter followed by the shell diameter, each rounded off to the nearest integer.

3. Length. The nominal length shall be the tube length in inches. Tube length for straight tubes shall be taken as the actual overall length. For U tubes the length shall be taken as the straight length from end of tube to bend tangent.

4. Type. Type designation shall be by letters describing stationary head, shell (omitted for bundles only), and rear head, in that order, as indicated in Fig. 11-1.

Typical Examples (A) Split-ring floating-heat exchanger with removable channel and cover, single-pass shell, 591-mm (23d-in) inside diameter with tubes 4.9 m (16 ft) long. SIZE 23-192 TYPE AES.

(B) U-tube exchanger with bonnet-type stationary head, split-flow shell, 483mm (19-in) inside diameter with tubes 21-m (7-ft) straight length. SIZE 19-84 TYPE GBU.

(C) Pull-through floating-heat-kettle-type reboiler having stationary head integral with tube sheet, 584-mm (23-in) port diameter and 940-mm (37-in) inside shell diameter with tubes 4.9-m (16-ft) long. SIZE 23/37-192 TYPE CKT.

(D) Fixed-tube sheet exchanger with removable channel and cover, bonnettype rear head, two-pass shell, 841-mm (33S-in) diameter with tubes 2.4 m (8ft) long. SIZE 33-96 TYPE AFM.

(E) Fixed-tube sheet exchanger having stationary and rear heads integral with tube sheets, single-pass shell, 432-mm (17-in) inside diameter with tubes 4.9-m (16-ft) long. SIZE 17-192 TYPE CEN.

Functional Definitions Heat-transfer equipment can be designated by type (e.g., fixed tube sheet, outside packed head, etc.) or by

TABLE 11-11 Features of TEMA Shell-and-Tube-Type Exchangers*
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