Summary

Decentralized conversion of biomass to energy fuel and electricity from fuel cells is a productive way of bring biomass to the market place. The necessary system sub components and modules are becoming available. Gasifiers are being improved and new techniques are being brought forward. Fuel cells for stationary power dispersed power and for vehicle power plants can be readily adapted for the biomass applications. Gas conversion and chemical processing on small scale allow conversion of biomass to concentrated easily stored forms. These forms can be used as fuel or as chemical products.

These developments will be further encouraged and enhanced by the opportunity to make the decentralized systems — a new market for hardware.

Several scenarios for the decentralized approaches for conversion of biomass to energy, electricity, fuels and chemicals using small gasifiers, converters and fuel cells will be presented.

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