Biomass conversion

Conversion of biomass R and D activities continue to make progress. Work continues on the standard approaches to improve the conversion percentages and techniques of handling the wastes. New approaches of using super critical water medium in the gasification of wet biomass to hydrogen appear particularly attractive. Decentralization allows consideration of smaller scale converters easing some of the previous constraints on processors.

Advanced gas conversion (AGC) processes are converting natural gas to hydrogen and carbon monoxide (synthesis gas). The synthesis gas is later converted to fuel liquids. These aliphatic hydrocarbon liquids have a high degree of purily. Synthesis gas is a work horse chemical feed stock. Synthesis gas, with modification of the synthesis processes, can make chemicals and/ or supply fuel to fuel cells. Biomass can also equally serve as a source of hydrogen and carbon monoxide for the conversion process.

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